John Ray Grisham Jr.
BornJohn Ray Grisham Jr.
February 8, 1955 (age 63)
Jonesboro, Arkansas, U.S.
John Grisham is an American novelist, attorney, politician and activist, best known for his popular legal thrillers. His books have been translated into 42 languages and published worldwide.
Grisham graduated from Mississippi State University before attending the University of Mississippi School of Law in 1981. He practiced criminal law for about a decade and served in the House of Representatives in Mississippi from January 1984 to September 1990
Grisham's career started about the same time as Stephen King and both of them were helped when their early books were made into movies. Carrie with King and The Firm with Grisham. They have been friends and spoken together at times where they have given some credit to how the movies made them better known. The genre of John Grisham is something he has perfected. A genre is a category of artistic composition characterized by similarities in form, style, or subject matter and Grisham's is very familiar, and even addictive, to those of us that have read many of his books
To see reviews of these books click on covers
Is C.S. Lewis a Literary Influence? Is having a legacy the same as having a Literary Influence?
Lewis does indeed have a legacy. He is best known for his writings both in the area of fantasy, especially his sci-fi trilogy, and religion.
In the more than 50 years since his death his works of fantasy still have power. The Lion, The Witch and the Wardrobe, for example, resonates with many and still endures. Lewis’s writings of his conversion to Christianity and thought about Christianity are prolific and have had a strong influence.
According to Rowan Williams, the former Archbishop of Canterbury , Lewis is not considered to be an academic theologian but "in what you might call pastoral theology: as an interpreter of people's moral and spiritual crises; as somebody who is a brilliant diagnostician of self-deception."
Whether the Archbishop is correct in his opinion, much of Lewis’s writing does have broad appeal. “The Screwtape Letters” may be the best example of this, where his perceptive inquiry into temptation is cast as a series of witty letters between a demon and his apprentice.
“Mere Christianity” is a book that might confirm the Archbishops view, but then it was based on a series of BBC radio talks Lewis gave during the second world war and it may not be fair to judge his writings on Christianity based on it.
Lewis didn’t have a lot of good things to say about poets and some say that this is because he had not succeeded as a poet.
Other areas of focus were as a children's writer, novelist, memoirist, essayist, critic, broadcaster and apologist. So yes, C.S. Lewis had an enormous literary influence . He was a Fellow and Tutor in English Literature at Oxford University and Chair of Medieval and Renaissance Literature at Cambridge University. He wrote more than thirty books: just the Narnia books have sold over 100 million copies and been transformed into three major motion pictures, so far.
Click on Covers below to see Reviews
Is Stephen King really a Literary Influence? Yes he is! The number of readers and books sold are reason enough, but even more than that, he has carved out and refined a genre. Many well known authors say that Stephen King is a most important literary influence for them, so we should just believe them.
His use of words, phrases and his method of weaving a story together work especially well in connecting us to the feelings of terror, horror and shock. Those feelings are portals in the stories that bring mystery and suspense and hold us inside the story.
King answers the important question, "what is good writing", over and over again by showing us good writing. His book, "On Writing: A Memoir of the Craft", combines his own life memoir with some thoughts on technique but like all his books it is a demonstration of how to write well.
He explains that you can't be successful as a writer without reading first. Many authors say that, but when King tells us this it resonates.
King's voice is natural and familiar to us when we read him. He is often referred to as a master story teller which testifies to his skill in the craft itself. Superior work with lasting artistic merit.
Literature is defined as "written works, especially those considered of superior or lasting artistic merit." King's writing skill is whatever it is that is even better than the word superior implies.
He says on page 106 of his book, On Writing, "You can approach the act of writing with nervousness, excitement, hopefulness, or even despair-the sense that you can never completely put on the page what's in your mind and heart." The definition of literature could never be met unless this standard was used. He adds: "Let me say it again: you must not come lightly to the blank page." Some still may haggle over the "merit" of the writing. Merit can be such a snobbish tool.
Stephen King said in years ago: "When he went home from the hospital he watched the Titanic and he knew his IQ had been damaged" If thinking is the requirement for writing to have "merit" then o one can say that King's Horror Genre doesn't make you think. The problem for some may be what you wind up thinking about!
Kings literary influence has been enormous.
These books below are ones that have been reviewed on this site. Click the book to see the review.
Lisa Genova has written five very good books, Still Alice, Left Neglected, Love Anthony, Inside the O’Briens, and Every Note Played. Each of her novels are about people who have heartbreaking diseases and she brings her own background as a Neuroscientists to the stories that bring a compassionate look at these lives. Her approach as an author is unique to her and she is an important literary influence in literature today.
The Writers Digest featured an article, written by a guest columnist, in January 2018, titled “Living for All It’s Worth: The Novels of Neuroscientist Lisa Genova.” We can gain insight into Genova’s thoughts from the article with these quotes of hers used here.
“People ask me if it’s depressing writing about these hideous diseases,” saying “there is certainly tragedy and heartache, but I don’t find it depressing. I find it inspiring. I learn so much about how to live from people who are dying or coping with various diseases.”
Genova, as a writer, has brought focus to life struggles. She looks inside the world of her subjects and has little need to draw from narrative and philosophy of others to show who her characters are. The plot becomes the importance of the life itself of her characters. She said, “Your value as a human being doesn’t depend on your memories, or what you can and can’t do, or whatever disease you may have.”
Her message is as much about love as it is debilitating diseases. The disease sometimes frees its victim to see what was most important in their life, in repairing relationships, and giving love freely.
Genova said, “All my books are about empathy,” and adds that when she interviews people they say “I want to still love and be loved. I want to still matter. I want to be seen and heard.”
All five of her books are reviewed on this site. See the Past Review Section
Harold Bloom: He was born in 1930 and is likely the most knowledgeable Shakespeare Scholar on the planet.(See Shakespeare Literary Favorite Click Here) He is an American literary critic and Sterling Professor of Humanities and English at Yale University. He has written more than forty books, including twenty books of literary criticism, several books discussing religion, and a novel.
Bloom considers Shakespeare to be the ultimate center of the Western canon and even said of himself that he was only a parody of Falstaff.” (See Falstaff Review Click Here) The pictures used to portray Falstaff do seem to resemble Bloom.
Bloom's theory is that people tend ultimately to be either more Hamlet (see Hamlet review Click Here), “an abyss, a chaos of virtual nothingness”, or Falstaff, overflowing with vitality and perpetual laughter, for whom “the self is everything“.
His book "Shakespeare The Invention of the Human" (see review click here) says that Shakespeare's vocabulary of 22,000 words is so infinite that it proves he knew pretty much everything there is to know about humankind. That he therefore “invented the human”.
In an interview published in 1995, Bloom reflected on the great authors of the Western world, stating, "We have to read Shakespeare, and we have to study Shakespeare. We have to study Dante. We have to read Chaucer. We have to read Cervantes. We have to read the Bible, at least the King James Bible. We have to read certain authors.…They provide an intellectual, I dare say, a spiritual value which has nothing to do with organized religion or the history of institutional belief. They remind us in every sense of re-minding us. They not only tell us things that we have forgotten, but they tell us things we couldn’t possibly know without them, and they reform our minds. They make our minds stronger. They make us more vital."
Click Book to See Review
Harold Bloom's list of books that can teach you to read well.
Harold Bloom in How to Read and Why sets out the following list of books, books which he believes have the power to instill in one a life-long love of aesthetically and intellectually great literature.
"Marguerite Annie Johnson Angelou (April 4, 1928 to May 28, 2014), known as Maya Angelou, was an American author, actress, screenwriter, dancer, poet and civil rights activist best known for her 1969 memoir, I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings,* which made literary history as the first nonfiction best-seller by an African-American woman."
*Click Caged Bird Sings to see Review
She used her skills to leave people feeling different because of what she wrote. Her writing approach has been sometimes labeled "autobiographical fiction" because it went beyond some traditional bounds. She wrote speaking often in the first person singular using the word "I" when what she meant was "we". This approach is also considered the "slave narrative tradition" and it is a way to buffer a claim intended to be meant for everyone not just the author. Similar to the oral tradition she followed in her poetry her message came in the more expressive language of the street or ghetto. Her autobiographies carried a message beyond just her life. She wanted to correct negative stereotype of black culture.
President Obama gave her the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2011. The good news is you don’t have to be famous to leave people remembering how you made them feel. It happens whether you intended it or not. If you care about someone, they will know. If you don’t really care, they will know.
Her quotes were more than feel good platitudes but hard truths that you could feel.
“People will forget what you have said, they will forget what you did, but they will never forget how you made them feel”.
“Try to be a rainbow in someone’s cloud.”
"Do the best you can until you know better. Then when you know better, do better."
I use twitter @ConnectedEvent3 to inform readers of posts and new items. I also use Pinterest and Google+
Few poets have been as essential and influential to the evolution of a language as William Shakespeare was to English. His strongest influence on the language was his diction. Scholars estimate that Shakespeare used at least 20,000 words in his work overall, and that he invented about 1,700 of those words.
Literary Favorites in this blog are those authors that have influenced other authors, and literature itself. No one else will likely will be found that will equal Shakespeare's influence.
The New York Times commented on Shakespeare, by quoting Harold Bloom who said, "that after 400 years, Shakespeare's genius is alive and well". They add to this, Bloom's thought that, "The Complete Works of William Shakespeare is a secular scripture from which we derive much of our language, our psychology and our mythology."
Harold Bloom is a Shakespeare Scholar and Sterling Professor of Humanities at Yale. He was a former Harvard Professor and it is difficult to write about Shakespeare without referencing him.
Dr. Samual Johnson said: "The essence of poetry is invention; such invention, by producing something unexpected, surprises and delights.
Bloom said this thought lead him to naming the book, "Shakespeare: The Invention of the Human" and that book is reviewed here in the Review Section. It states that Shakespeare remains so popular and his memorable characters feel so real, because through them Shakespeare invented something that hadn't existed before.
Good authors often explain that they find the characters for their stories before they write the story. Some say the character sort of comes to them in their thoughts. The key then is to listen closely to the characters, once you find them, and they will tell you the plot.
No other author seems to have such deep character development as does Shakespeare. The characters seem to have no end of surprises in who they really turn out to be, and then add to this that they change as their life impacts them. Bloom offers insight into why this is. He said of Falstaff and Hamlet that they were "free artists of themselves". He said of Shakespeare that the knowledge that he gives us is not language but diction, the choice of words.
Previous Reviews: "Falstaff and Hamlet, Shakespeare: The Invention of the Human",
click covers below
The Utah Shakespeare Festival
Widely recognized as one of the best professional theater events in the nation; in 2000, it was awarded the Tony Award for "Outstanding Regional Theater." The festival is a grand event that includes not only Shakespeare and contemporary productions, but also the "Greenshow", literary seminars, classes and intimate detailed backstage tours."
C.S. Lewis influence is so broad and some big that it takes some space to cover some of it. This post below really is just comments about some of his work. The specific question, "Is C.S. Lewis a Literary Influence" is covered in a post dated July 13th, 2018. Click here to see that post.
Click covers of Screwtape Letters and Mere Christianity to see reviews
C.S. Lewis's breadth of impact and influence on the literature of our time is significant. His Oxford education, personal character and creativity is only a starting place.
He knowledge of important literature is deep, and his skills as a theologian, poet, fantasy and science fiction writer. He has brought the genre he works in together to bring his message and a good example is how his writings in fantasy stimulates creativity but also gives new meaning to core values.
His understanding of what he writes is deep and he draws from personal experience in his own religious and personal experiences. This connects him to those who also have struggled. .
C.S. Lewis many quotes teach deep lessons. An example is when he said "the good of literature is that we want to to be more than ourselves. We want to see with other eyes to imagine with other imagination, to feel with other hearts, as well as with our own".
Chronicles of Narnia and his ample body of fantasy writings are examples of how we really do "imagine with other imagination".
In his writings on Christianity we really do learn to "feel with other hearts as well as our own".
"Screwtape letters" is just one example of how his works help us to "see ourselves with others eyes". It is a masterpiece of satire that enables you to consider how you would look to the senior tempter of the devil represented by Screwtape,
Clive Staples Lewis (1898–1963) "was one of the intellectual giants of the twentieth century and arguably one of the most influential writers of his day. He was a Fellow and Tutor in English Literature at Oxford University until 1954, when he was unanimously elected to the Chair of Medieval and Renaissance Literature at Cambridge University, a position he held until his retirement."
C.S. Lewis is an author that has had a impact over several genres of literature.
“No man knows how bad he is till he has tried very hard to be good.” Source: “Mere Christianity”
"I believe in Christianity as I believe that the sun has risen: not only because I see it, but because by it I see everything else."
"When we Christians behave badly, or fail to behave well, we are making Christianity unbelievable to the outside world." Source: “Mere Christianity"
“What you see and what you hear depends a great deal on where you are standing. It also depends on what sort of person you are.”
Source: The Magician's Nephew”
But in reading great literature I become a thousand men and yet remain myself. Like the night sky in the Greek poem, I see with a myriad eyes, but it is still I who see. Here, as in worship, in love, in moral action, and in knowing, I transcend myself; and am never more myself than when I do. (C.S. Lewis, An Experiment in Criticism)
Toni Morrison at age 33 (1964) was jobless, divorced, with one child and one on the way. She had returned to her parents home in Ohio.
Today she is one of the most respected American writers as well as an editor, teacher, and Professor Emeritus at Princeton University. She is the winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature and the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction. She is known for her plays "Desdemona" and "Dreaming Emmett" and her movies, "A Moment in Time", "Conversations with Legendary Women", and "African American Women of Achievement".
Her writing style is intended not to just tell people about African-American problems and issues but to show them. She does this without losing the traditional language.
She has written many books but three stood out for me. "Beloved", "The Bluest Eye", and "Song of Solomon". Beloved was a book that showed us how black Americans repress and deny the experience of slavery. It was inspired by a true story and is considered her most difficult book and one that some critics said they felt they actually experienced slavery.
She said of her book that:
"In hindsight, I think what is important about it is the process by which we construct and deconstruct reality in order to be able to function in it".
This viewpoint of Morrison, intended for the book Beloved, has application for my own viewpoints. I have felt that we need to write our own life-stories and that by doing so we re-invent ourselves. Just telling your life story will cause you to connect events and suggest that one influenced another ones outcome. That is the reality changing and it will change who you think you are
Quotes by Toni Morrison
“If there's a book that you want to read, but it hasn't been written yet, then you must write it.”
“At some point in life the world's beauty becomes enough. You don't need to photograph, paint, or even remember it. It is enough.”
“Definitions belong to the definers, not the defined.”
“In this country American means white. Everybody else has to hyphenate.”
Thomas S. Monson, President & beloved Prophet of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, passed away on January 2nd 2018.
"In addition to his deep love of scripture, Monson was also a lifelong reader of great literary works, often, over his 55 years of service, using themes and stories from novels, poetry and musicals to express his faith and offer counsel to members of the church". The value of looking at some of his favorites is clear, as is his observation that "we become like those whom we admire".
He said of Nathaniel Hawthorne’s classic account, "The Great Stone Face," we adopt the mannerisms, the attitudes, even the conduct of those whom we admire — and they are usually our friends."
Some of President Monson's Favorites used in many of his talks.
"My Kingdom," by Louisa May Alcott
"I do not ask for any crown but that which all may win; Nor try to conquer any world except the one within."
King Author quoted from Camelot.
"Do not let your passions destroy your dreams"
"A Tale of Two Cities," by Charles Dickens
"It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness, it was the epoch of belief, it was the epoch of incredulity, it was the season of light, it was the season of darkness, it was the spring of hope, it was the winter of despair, we had everything before us, we had nothing before us."
President Monson suggested that this quote also refers to our own day saying: "This is your world. The future is in your hands. The outcome is up to you. The way to exaltation is not a freeway featuring unlimited vision, unrestricted speeds and untested skills."
Favorite Quote"It's Up to You," by Clinton T. Howell
You are the one who has to decide Whether you’ll do it or toss it aside ... Whether you’ll strive for the goal that’s afar Or just be content to stay where you are.
*25 literary favorites President Thomas S. Monson quoted in talks, devotionals By Lottie Peterson Johnson Published: January 3, 2018