See the full review of this book, The Sun Also Rises by Ernest Hemingway in the Review Section
Of course this book is full of symbolism, beginning with the very title. Much of it just boils down to a writer obsessed with masculinity. That obsession takes us to bullfighting, which is itself symbolic of sexual seduction, when two beings face each other in a game of skill, where one wins and the other is really hurt or even killed with a sword. Sex seems to be a symbol of masculinity, rather than an object of it.
The story starts in Paris, which symbolizes romance, where Jake's lost love, Brett, meets with him. He tells her of a war wound that has left him impotent. Brett tells him she loves him and always will, but she rejects him because of his impotence. Jake gathers up some friends, also from the lost generation, and they go to Spain for the bullfights and other macho activities. Brett goes with them.
The chapters on bullfighting flip back and forth complimenting their fly fishing trip, drinking, sex other very masculine activities.
Hemingway's outlook seems to be summed up by two of his characters, Cohn and Jake, when they say, "I can't stand it to think my life is going so fast and I'm not really living it." "Nobody ever lives life all the way up except bull-fighters"
These comments refer to the Review of John Steinbeck's book in the Review Section. Click her to go to that section or click on that tab.
A few symbolic things in this novel are: The pearl, plot, characters, ocean the child but of course there is much more.
Kino is 3rd generation as a pearl diver and the futility of ever doing better is reinforced with the uncertainty of the ocean. The scorpion represents more uncertainty with the sudden presence of evil coming into their lives. It attacks the innocent child and to save her they need anti-venom. Anti-evil to save an innocent child adds blame and irony to the resulting problems of good fortune. Event when the need for the anti-venom goes away a different type of evil from those perusing Kino and his wife kill the innocent child with a stray bullet.
The Pearl is bigger than any other one previously found and suggests that the fortunes of this poor family can really change. When it comes time to toss the pearl back into the ocean the pearl's great value emphasises that good didn't come from potential wealth.
The recent review of Flatland, by Edwin A. Abbott, suggests some questions. All us folks are 3rd dimension beings, but we can experience the 4th dimension of "Time". Abbott's thoughts for mid 19th century are really amazing.
We exist in the past, present and future. Perhaps we can find a way to take the 3 dimensions and move into the 4th, but what about the 5th and are there more?
Einstein's theory stated that an entity’s velocity, or its momentum, is only measurable in relation to something else, and secondly that the speed of light is a constant in a vacuum, regardless of the person measuring it and the speed at which the person travels. The third part of the equation is that nothing goes faster than light in contrast to Newton's gravitational laws. To make it work, Einstein needed the fourth dimension called space-time. He expressed his theory using the famous mathematical equation E= MC2
Today, scientists use 10 dimensions and string theory to explain where gravity and light from the electromagnetic spectrum meet.
When you hover over the BOOKS/ALPHA LIST or TOP 10 Tab you will see a sub page that Alphabetically Lists the Books Reviewed & you will see a top 10 page option
The reason this has been done is another step to help find the books reviewed in the past because so many of those coming to the site come to see a Past Review.
Past Reviews can be found by just scrolling down on Reviews but it can be done easier by using the Past Review Tab.
This blog has not, up to now, reviewed political and religious books for the most part. A reason, in part, is the desire to not drive off half or more of those that come to the site. Another reason is that many pick these books to confirm what they already believe.
Connected Events Matter Site visitors come from 50 + countries and most of the States so diversity of people is a good thing.
James Comey talks in his book about being FBI director for President Obama, and making decisions about his looking into the Clinton "Matter" to release to the press. At least at that point until the day he was fired he had plenty who did not approve of him on both sides of the political aisle.
That seems to me to be the real power of this book, and I do believe it is a powerful and important book. It isn't about, as so many political books are, saying the Republicans or the Democrats are the good or evil choice. The book is really able to separate the problems into what is right and what is wrong.
I have looked at other reviews of the book and it is mystifying to try to understand why people can judge a book by discounting the author because he is tall, and looks down on people?
Comey was a life long Republican and this too is often a focus of the reviews of the book, but does it really make any more difference than how tall he is, if he really cares about the issues of right and wrong that directed his actions.
I like the book. I take him at his word about his values and appreciate the stands he took.
Throughout this blog there are many quotes and books that point to the reality of changing ourselves.
Reading is the key. It tell us, as C.S. Lewis said:
“The good of literature is that we want to become more than ourselves, we want to see with others eyes, to imagine with others imaginations, to feel with others hearts, as well as our own.”
For me the more I read the more this truth becomes not just something that I believe, but something that I know.
T.S. Eliot's comment seems to add to what Lewis said: "We shall not cease from exploration, and the end of all our exploring will be to arrive where we started and know the place for the first time".
It must mean that we not only can change the future but we can change how we see the past.
See Review Brave New World by Aldous Huxley
Huxley's Thoughts about Orwell
The information below is taken an article in the Atlantic Magazine January/February 2017 issue. They stated that their thoughts were taken from this book: Letters of Note, Volume 2
Aldous Huxley to George Orwell: My Dystopia Is Better Than Yours
"On October 21, 1949, a few months after the publication of Nineteen Eighty-Four, George Orwell received a letter from Aldous Huxley, whose Brave New World had been published 17 years earlier. Huxley concludes: Within the next generation I believe that the world’s rulers will discover that infant conditioning and narco-hypnosis are more efficient, as instruments of government, than clubs and prisons, and that the lust for power can be just as completely satisfied by suggesting people into loving their servitude as by flogging and kicking them into obedience. In other words, I feel that the nightmare of Nineteen Eighty-Four is destined to modulate into the nightmare of a world having more resemblance to that which I imagined in Brave New World. The change will be brought about as a result of a felt need for increased efficiency. Meanwhile, of course, there may be a large-scale biological and atomic war—in which case we shall have nightmares of other and scarcely imaginable kinds."
The constitution, as interpreted my many, tell us that owning a gun is a basic right and that driving a car or owning a dog is a privilege?
One person in Pennsylvania told me that it took a 10 page document to get a dog out of the pound.
This is not a political post! The web site is about books and literary influence. Just remember turtles don't kill people guns do.
Having read the book Down and Out in Paris and London more than once, and having just finished a review of it, the question of "what is the lesson of this book" comes to mind?
The poor work long hours and are underpaid. They have nothing but eating, sleeping & working, to fill much of their lives, if they are working, and if they are not, then they have to take charity and when it is found it comes with conditions. At least a thank you is necessary, but often the need to acknowledge that those charity givers are somehow smarter and more deserving needs to be imparted.
I looked for the overall lesson of the book but found instead this quote by George Orwell.
“It is curious how people take it for granted that they have a right to preach at you and pray over you as soon as your income falls below a certain level.”
A man handing out tickets for the meal inside a place where the homeless were fed was considered to be "one of the good guys", simply based on the fact that he was in a hurry and didn't take any time to convey that he expected the receiver to say "thank you".
Maybe the message of the book is that even the poor, or maybe especially the poor, have a dignity that has worth.
This book review site is followed in 33 countries and then promoted using twitter, google+ and Pinterest. The social media reach out brings the reviews to many interested in books. It is gratifying when an author responds. Lisa Genova's newest book, "Every Note Played" was released this month on the 20th. This site's review suggested that this may be her best book yet. Lisa responded re tweeting the tweet on this, with a like and then a separate thank you.
Previous Twitter likes from Harold Bloom and also Tara Westover were reported on recently. Thanks to the authors.
Recently I posted a review on Thoreau's Walden. Whenever Thoreau is mentioned you see something like the following:
Henry David Thoreau was born on July 12, 1817, in Concord, Massachusetts. He began writing nature poetry in the 1840s, with poet Ralph Waldo Emerson as a mentor and friend.
Yes, Emerson was a mentor to Thoreau. He lived with in walking distance of the remote Walden. In fact he owned the land that Thoreau built the cabin on.
Jon Krakauer's book, "Into The Wild", didn't end well. Christopher McCandless died after 4 months on the remote wilderness of Alaska, and he paid a steep price for what he learned. It was Thoreau's writings about finding ones self through deliberate solitude that took Chris to the wilderness but perhaps Chris found a much tougher nature than Thoreau found.
"Into The Wild" is an older book but not as old as Walden. When I first read Krakauer's book, I thought of the very different outcome and circumstances between it and Walden.
In a recent review of "Education, A Memoir, by Tara Westover" this quote by her came to my attention.
“First find out what you are capable of, then decide who you are.”
The quote describes what Westover did with her life. She had to make the decision on her own and take the steps on her own.
I also found a comment on the inside cover of the book that said, "Educated is an account of the struggle for self-invention".
I wrote "As You Look At Your Own Life Story You See Yourself Differently" last December in the "Stories" section. My focus in that article was how we can re invent ourselves and how we see our past differently as we look back on it. We actually can change what the past experiences did for us as we rethink them.
Tara Westover found out who she was in her memoir. Looking back at our own life story can help us find out who we are and that effort can make us better.
The more comfortable we are without ourselves the more effective our overall relationships will be. Whether we want to or not we can't avoid sharing ourselves with others.
Give some thought to your life story. Find out what your capable of and then keep doing your best.
(See the Review of this book, Educated, A Memoir, in Past Reviews. This review was reprinted in the St. George Utah News)
Caleb Church was born on August 8th, 1647 in Plymouth Massachusetts. He is my great grandfather 10 generations back. When I first found his connection and name the thought came to me that saying his name alive is something that likely has not been done in a long time.
Will anyone say my name, or your name, on this earth 370 years from now? The more I get to know about those in my families past the more I admire them.
I read a book about Fredrick Law Olmsted who is known as an abolitionist, conservationist, and designer of Central Park and many other famous parks. He was born in 1822 and when I think of the kind of country he grew up in his many accomplishments are something that I admire.
(A book on this man, “Genius of Place” one of the recent reviews in that section )
When I went to collage I had two friends that seemed to change a lot of things for me. Both were older and both had completed military obligations. The both seemed to be focused on getting an A in all their classes. I admired them both and their friendship meant a lot to me.
Do we really adopt the mannerisms, the attitudes, and even the conduct of those whom we admire? Are those that we admire, really, usually our friends? What if the person is just someone in a book? Can they be a true friend?
Yes, to all these questions. I found things in the friends I brought up as examples, that I made changes to adopt for myself. Also yes, I see them as friends even now when one has passed on and the other I don't see anymore. Yes a good example of a person in a book can be a life long influence for good.
The reason I would call all these examples friends is in how they have impacted me. Friendship ought to influence us to seek a higher good. Knowing these people made it easier to for me to want to be better and actually changed me for the better. Putting someone else first is a higher good if they have within them virtues that are good or their friendship brings out your own higher good. Being honest and loyal are higher goods. Real friends influence each other to better.
Do we really adopt the mannerisms, the attitudes, and even the conduct of those whom we admire? Are those that we admire really usually our friends?
Thomas Monson, the last President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, was a lover of literature. He said of Nathaniel Hawthorne’s classic account, The Great Stone Face, "we adopt the mannerisms, the attitudes, even the conduct of those whom we admire — and they are usually our friends." So who are our friends?
For many of us our friends are the authors, and even the characters, in the books we read. In Harold Bloom's book, How to Read and Why, he answers the question his own book raises by saying "we read because it matters".
Hawthorne's book gives us even more insight into why it matters. It changes us. It also suggests that we can change who we are with changes in what we read. Picking good authors is important.
Click on How to Read book or words to see that prior review
Recenty I posted in the "Stories" section on this blog some comments about "writing in the moment". I listed 4 books about writing that I had enjoyed and had reviewed on this site before. I linked those books in that post back to the reviews.
Writing in the moment, posted in the stories section, was intended to deal with the quality of our overall writing skills, rather than just whether were picking a particular moment to write, but even so this particular moment is a little challenging to write in, because it is hard to leave the news events of this week, and focus anywhere else.
The mass shootings in this country are upsetting. I thought this picture before had some relevance.
“What day is it?"
It's today," squeaked Piglet.
My favorite day," said Pooh.”
― A.A. Milne
This little guy is on the verge of getting erased but he may be telling us an important truth. If we can't look back at the past we may lose sight of where we are going, even if we do live in the moment.
This week I posted on Google+ . This is a similar social media tool to Twitter but not nearly as popular. It is easy to use but harder to feel a part of just yet.
I posted on several google+ communities and had a few things to say about Fantasy in those posts. I referred the readers to the blog site and to the January 31st post on Fantasy. From that post I linked to a couple of prior posts on the subject. (just click the bold item above.
Today may not reflect much of a personal thought but then some days are like that. It is Valentines day. So Happy Valentine Day.........
Today is also a day of tragedy with another school shooting. So sad.
I just wrote a review for a book by Gary Paulsen called "Hatchet". (see book reviews)
Brian the 13 year old boy that was the only survivor of a small plane crash deep in the forested areas of Canada had to find a way to eat, and to avoid the dangers around him.
He learned by making mistakes and he also learned to think before he acted. He would stand, very silent, and observe the surroundings before making any movement. He felt he gained new insight that way.
Sometimes that approach couldn't save him. He avoided a bear and some wolves only because he was lucky.
What about a big black spider? No this wasn't a scene in the book i just reviewed, but I saw a huge spider this week and learned a few things. I learned that this variety of spider would not bite humans and lived on bugs mostly. That was interesting but the only reason I learned about this was that a man who knew all about this type of spider was on hand and told me about it.
What would I do if I was stranded in the far off forested regions of Canada and one of these guys came crawling up my leg? I haven't a clue right now and hope I never learn. In years past the answer would be that I would grab the Hatchet and finish off the spider.
This week, after being up close with this spider and learning more about it, I would hate to see it needlessly killed. The key to this situation is to know something about the spider.
“The heart has its reasons of which reason knows nothing”. Kindness is not an intellectual decision. It is one the heart makes without motive." -Blaise Pascal
Kindness is more than an intellectual decision because it takes a heart to get the intellect to move. Doing nothing is not a middle ground. Doing nothing can be unkind. Doing something can be unkind.
Are we, by our very nature as humans, kind? When we use our hearts to create action, are we acting more human, or just overcoming our human ways?
“Indifference and neglect often do much more damage than outright dislike.” -J.K. Rowling, Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix "
-Kindness is the language which the deaf can hear and the blind can see." -Mark Twain
"It is futile to judge a kind deed by its motives. Kindness can become its own motive. We are made kind by being kind." - Eric Hoffer
"My religion is very simple. My religion is kindness". -Dalai Lama