A war of ideas. Discusses two different universes of reference, two civilizations and two cultures.
The Western impulse is to rebel, and can be traced back to an impulse to rebel against God. The struggle testifies to the sincerity of ones beliefs. It may also strengthen the beliefs.
In the Muslim tradition there is no impulse to rebel. They have no struggle or temptation to rebel. Submission is everything. Another way to look at it might be considered a life with agency vs's no agency. The irony of the position is that it asks total obedience to secret leaders whose principles are to break every principle.
This book was written by Paual Berman in 2004 but has even more relevance today.
See pictures section May 30th for information on what snails eat. Has nothing to do with anything